Medical Specialties

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Neurophysiology

Clinical Neurophysiology is defined as the medical specialty, based on basic knowledge of neuroscience, whose objective is to perform a functional exploration of the Central and Peripheral Nervous System, using highly specialized technology for diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic counseling. It also refers to a set of techniques for studying and evaluating physiological and pathological functions of the Nervous System (Central, Sensory, Autonomic and Neuromuscular).

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Its scope encompasses all nervous system disorders and, given that primary or secondary effects on nervous system fall within the scope of action of every medical and surgical specialty (Paediatrics, Traumatology, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Psychiatry, Rheumatology, Pneumology, Internal Medicine, Rehabilitation, Otolaryngology, Ophthalmology, Critical Care, Legal Medicine, etc.), it is considered a Central Service.  Similarly, medical research in every area also benefits from its contributions.

At Hospitales San Roque, we perform:

  • Electroencephalography (EEG) to study brain function and its various pathologies such as epilepsy.
  • Electromyography (EMG), primarily indicated for studying of injuries and diseases involving peripheral nerves, neuromuscular transmission and the muscles. 
  • Evoked potentials (EP), a set of techniques used to diagnose diseases that affect the sensory organs: Sight (Visual-EP); Hearing (Auditory-EP); Touch (Somatosensory-EP), particularly affecting the bone marrow; Cognitive Potential (P-300) as an aid to early diagnosis of Alzheimer's and related diseases.
  • Electroretinography (ERG) which is used to study electrical responses in the retina.
  • Overnight polysomnography (PSGN), which allows us to study sleep disorders, including respiratory disorders (apnea), restless limbs, parasomnias and nocturnal epilepsy.  
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